One of the extraordinary Islamic cities is Isfahan, which is currently the third largest city in Iran. It is also known as Esfahan or Hispahan, situated in the middle of the snow-capped mountains, and is filled with pre-Islamic and Islamic buildings. It was in the late Sixteenth century; Shah Abbas made Isfahan, the capital of his Safavid dynasty, and constructed mosques, parks, and libraries with remarkable Persian architecture. It is now a melting pot for the travellers and cultures; known as “Nesf-e-Jahan” which means “Half the world” in Persian. The Persian architecture dates back to 5,000 BCE, and features great masterpieces and innovative buildings and structures. The city is a great place for Islamic and Persian architectural sites.
The architecture of Isfahan reveals several scrupulous artistic features that were developed in the Persian region. The entrance gates of the mosques or ‘eivans’ are gigantic in size and are highlighted in vivacious coloured tile work. From a realistic point, these mosaics protected the bricks underneath and elevated the buildings with dazzling colours and complex geometric designs. The artisans’ level of proficiency has extended to such a level that they were capable of overlaying all the concave arches, domes of the buildings, and small niches, with minutely and finely detailed and intricate patterns. A number of these also portray calligraphy, transcribed from the page to the wall of buildings in the tile work. This calligraphy writing uplifted the exquisiteness of the buildings, further embellishing them through the name of God. A lot of the artisans who shaped these Islamic structures and their ornamentation were considered to have been inclined to Sufism, a religious exploration of Islam. This architecture was not basically an exercise in construction of cities but furthermore an effort to unlock souls to the wonder of the divine through the most astonishing beauty and scale of the buildings they formed.
Isfahan is the mirror of Persian architecture. Amid the most impressive of these is the”Imam Mosque”, located in Isfahan, which “ is measured as one of the most enduring architectural wonder of Persian culture; the Mosque is highly considered for its astounding multicoloured calligraphic inscription and mosaics. The Isfahan is the holy grail of Persian architecture. You will be surprised to see that every corner of the city as it will amaze you with its artistic beauty. The harmony of architectural ornaments and forms the walls of the buildings of Isfahan is spectacular. People in Isfahan amplify the magnificence of their buildings and whole square all by themselves. “Masjed-e Sheikh Lotfolla” was constructed between 1602 and 1619, and stands in accord with the well-built Masjed-e-shah. The signature blue-turquoise walls of tiles of Isfahan can be noticed inside of the dome. “Kakh-e Chehel Sotun” is a place constructed throughout the Safavid era as an enjoyment porch and a reception hall. It highlights the traditional Persian garden and a pleasing-to-the-eye terrace.
The city Isfahan, in year 1979 was awarded UNESCO World Heritage status because of its Persian architecture connotation and expressions of tangible link among its Islamic belief and beauty, including its customs.